Harar Jogol was historically the leading centre of Islamic culture and religion in the Horn of Africa from its foundation between 7th - 11th Century. In terms of its international status the city ranks as the fourth Holy City of Islam. Built with a fortified wall 4m high, the city had 82 mosques, shrines and 102 shrines and drew in villagers from the surrounding areas for religious, trade, and social inter action. The city's name derivers from Jogol which means wall and this represents a powerful emblem of the city's strength.
The UN World Heritage organisation appointed it Cultural Heritage site status in 2006.
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