Slovenia, the northernmost republic of the former Yugoslavia, as well as the first to break away, is one of Europe’s most forested countries as well as one of the most scenically beautiful. There is spectacular alpine scenery in the north, a short stretch of Adriatic coastline, and the picturesque little Lake Bled in the Julian Alps, with its charming island church. Tourists visit Slovenia for attractions like the impressive limestone show caves, and the numerous spas in the north east. The countryside is rich with ancient fortresses, including the memorable Predjama Castle, built in the mouth of a huge cave in a rocky hillside. The country boasts more casinos per head of population than any other European country. There are several beautiful medieval towns, while the capital, Ljubljana is famous for its baroque architecture. Zganci, similar to Polenta, is the nearest thing to a national dish in a country famous for its diverse cuisine. Slovenia is the home of the famous grey Lippizaners, originally bred as carriage horses for the Habsburg monarchs.